Survival training, teaching people to survive in the wilderness, using essentially Stone Age skills. Techniques include building shelters from available materials, making fire without matches, locating water, identifying edible plants, manufacturing tools, hunting and trapping animals with primitive devices, and making protective clothing and blankets from skins and fibres.
Shelters built in survival training include lean-tos or teepees made of branches thatched with grass, bark, leaves, or mud, rock shelters, and snow caves. Beds are made from boughs and grass or in cold weather may be constructed over stones heated in a campfire. Fires are started with tinder made from dry bark and shredded grass lighted either with a spark struck from flint or with a bow drill.